Case citators

KeyCite and QuickCite

QuickCite is the case citator on Quicklaw, and KeyCite is the case citator on LawSource. KeyCite tends to add citing cases sooner than QuickCite, but the treatment code is not assigned when the citing case is first added to KeyCite.

The following table sets out the main differences between KeyCite and QuickCite. For more detailed coverage of these distinctions, including the treatment codes used by each citator, seeĀ Keep Your Research Current – Case Citators.

KeyCite QuickCite
  • Recently added more types of treatment codes
  • More historical depth and covers foreign cases cited by Canadian courts
  • Better display of direct history
  • Organized by treatment, with a variety of options to re-sort and filter
  • Can refine citator results by keyword search
  • Lists commentary referring to case
  • Includes links to court documents for the case (pay-per-view)
  • Citing cases shown with depth of treatment
  • Link to citing case goes directly to first reference to cited case, and then locates to subsequent references
  • More types of treatment codes throughout the collection
  • Includes cases even if only referred to
  • Organized by jurisdiction and court, with a variety of options to re-sort and filter
  • Can refine citator results by keyword search
  • Lists commentary referring to case
  • Locus page and paragraph references shown in citator results with link
    • citing case opens to first page unless Locus paragraph is clicked on
    • Hits does not locate to citing references

RefLex and hyperlinks on CanLII

CanLII builds links between cases using its RefLex database. This citator does not assign treatment codes. The RefLex database enables users to search on CanLII by citation, to note up cases, and to rank cases by frequency of citation. A list of citing cases can be refined by keyword, jurisdiction or court level, and ranked by date or citation frequency. In addition, an RSS feed can be created that notifies the user whenever there are new cases citing the applicable case or legislation.

Reflex algorithms use parallel citations in documents to automatically generate note up functionality based on different citation styles including Quicklaw and Westlaw citations. This functionality replies on document authors to include parallel citations, and where those are missing citations will not be linked.

The Related Decisions link shown on each case lists case history for decisions from 2006. It is advisable to go beyond the Related Decisions link to check case history – particularly for cases decided before 2006.

The CanLII hyperlinking tool automatically creates links between citations in a submitted user document and the cited cases and legislation on CanLII. This service is free for up to 1,000 citations per month. It is accessed from the Tools link at the bottom of any page on CanLII. The user must submit the document to CanLII in order for the links to be inserted. The benefit is that the links are built to CanLII’s freely available cases and legislation, rather than proprietary versions on a commercial service.