Menu

Search syntax for Hein Online, Irwin eBrary and Folio View Infobases

FEATURE HEIN ONLINE IRWIN LAW eBRARY FOLIO VIEW INFOBASES
Content Law journals, Canadian federal annual statutes, Canada Supreme Court Reports, English Reports, US content Irwin Law titles Various types of legal contentDescription below is based on British Columbia Practice
Templates Field search for journals (text, title, author, subject, journal, date, doc type, ranking method)


Advanced search for journals (Boolean syntax, subject, journal, date, doc type, ranking method)

Advanced Search option enables access to field searching (text, subject, title, author) Query toolbar allows searching without connectors, but with phrases and truncation. Results are relevance ranked.


Query Template allows field searching. Connectors are permitted. Results are in Table of Contents order.

Text being searched search terms can appear anywhere in the document unless field search is specified search terms can appear anywhere in the document unless field search is specified search terms must appear in the same paragraph unless field search is specified
Default connector Defaults to AND Defaults to AND Defaults to AND
Phrase searching Use quotation marks Use quotation marks Use quotation marks
Find both terms AND (must be capitalized) AND (must be capitalized) AND
Find either term OR (must be capitalized) OR (must be capitalized) OR
Make term mandatory + (put before required term)
Exclude documents containing term NOT (put before term to be excluded, must be capitalized) NOT (put before term to be excluded, must be capitalized) NOT
Proximity searches “term term”~n


the terms must appear in any order within the number of words represented by n

term WITHIN-n term


the terms must appear in any order within the number of words represented by n

“term term”@n


the terms must appear in any order within the number of words represented by n

Parentheses permitted – can be nested permitted – can be nested permitted – can be nested
Fuzzy searching term~


looks for terms similar in spelling

completely literal completely literal
Truncation negligen* no truncation command negligen*
Wild characters ? for a single character* for multiple characters no wild characters ? for a single character* for multiple characters
Boosting relevance of term term^n (where n represents the boost factor)
Default ranking method Relevancy, but can be changed in template to date or alphabetical list Relevancy For relevancy ranked search, use Query toolbar. Default ranking for Query Template and Advanced Query is by Table of Contents order. Can force relevancy ranking in an Advanced Query where [Rank n] starts query and n represents the number of the most relevant records to be returned
Field searching select from template or use field: (terms)for example, text: (canaero AND confiden*) select from template Query Template allows searching by text of rules, rule numbers, case names and in full text
Display default display is list of documents, with ability to view passages with key words, or download/print full document default display is a list of titles, with ability to view chapters instead; select book or chapter and view contents or locate to search terms Choose HitList, or view Contents list and open items showing hits; in Tools, set number of words to appear around hits
Refining results option to Search Within Results, Modify Search, or run a New Searchability to re-sort results can modify search before selecting book; can also modify text search when viewing book contents feedback in Advanced Query and in Query Template as terms are entered