Writing & Analysis

Learn how to improve your legal reasoning, write a legal memorandum, and properly cite authorities.

Tips & resources for legal writing


You need to analyze the law throughout the process of information gathering and writing. Some techniques to help you with analysis and synthesis are discussed in Assess the Cases. One of the best ways to improve your analysis and your writing is to create a structured outline of …

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Preparing a legal memorandum

A legal memorandum presents research and analysis and applies the research and analysis to particular facts. A legal memorandum follows a general structure and follows certain conventions. The structure and conventions are discussed below, and a sample memorandum is included.

Because each legal problem is distinct, no two memoranda will …

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Sample memorandum of law

This memorandum is provided for instructional purposes.  It is not to be relied on as legal advice.

TO: Lawyer FROM: Law Student DATE: December 13, 1995 FILE NO: 20056-3 RE: Security documents executed and registered using debtor’s common law name


An individual (the “Debtor”) executed security documents on his …

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Stare decisis and techniques of legal reasoning and legal argument

Copyright ©1987 Paul M. Perell

Originally published in (1987) 2:2,3 Legal Research Update 11 and republished with permission.


It gives away no secret to observe that lawyers have their own unique discipline and approach to the resolution of legal problems. Not surprisingly, there are laws about determining the law. …

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Legal citation

General rules about citing Canadian cases and secondary sources are set out below. The citation examples are based on the 7th edition of the Canadian Guide to Uniform Legal Citation (the McGill Guide), as adapted by the British Columbia Court of Appeal in Citation of Authorities (Civil & Criminal …

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Citation linking software

QL and WL Canada

Some legal publishers have developed citation linking software that enables you to insert links to electronic versions of cases cited in your documents.

Quicklaw’s Auto Link and Westlaw Canada’s CiteLinkCanada are commercial services for this. The advantages of these services are the broad scope of case …

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